Human Trafficking Defined By
“Human Trafficking” commonly referred to as “modern day slavery” is a global phenomenon involving obtaining or maintaining labor or services from another by the use of force, fraud, or coercion in violation of the individual’s human rights.
How Are Victims Trafficked?
- Force, fraud and coercion are methods used by traffickers to press victims into lives of servitude, & abuse.
- Force: Rape, beatings, confinement.
- Fraud: Includes false and deceptive offers of employment, marriage, better life.
- Coercion: Threats of serious harm to, or physical restraint of, any person; any scheme, plan or pattern intended to cause victims to believe that failure to perform an act would result in restraint against them; or the abuse or threatened abuse of the legal process.
**force, fraud or coercion- do not apply for victims of sex trafficking under the age of 18.
IT IS HAPPENING HERE!!! STORIES ABOUT HUMAN TRAFFICKING
- John Dillinger Morgan was arrested for two counts of Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking for allegedly pimping out two young girls— their ages 16 and 13. Morgan pled guilty on 5-21-11 to Sex Trafficking, 2 counts of Procuring a minor for prostitution and 1 count of Lewd and Lascivious battery. He received 15 years in prison and 15 years sex offender probation.
- Two teenagers who ran away from a local half-way house. Two weeks after running away, one of these teens was rescued in Minnesota after being prostituted by a pimp.
- Many oriental males were discovered being loaded into a van where they were taken to work at a local restaurant.
- A 17-year-old human trafficking victim had been beaten by her pimp after refusing to participate in sexual activity. Her mother started trafficking her from a hotel in another county.
- 14yr old bf reports having sex with people for money. Two females rescued from Atlanta & arranged transport to safe shelter (sex trafficking).
- 10yr old & 12yr old in a parking lot soliciting for money for an organization that does not exist.Brought here from Orlando.
- 44 yr old & 20yr old w/f’s rescued from sex trafficking & assisted in getting to their homes out of state.
The Marion County Human Trafficking Task Force (2010) takes these cases and many others like them serious. Our goal is awareness & advocacy.
Ocala Police Department - Donna Guinn, Crystal Blanton, Marsha Vazquez - 352-369-7139
Marion County Sheriff's Office - Detective Hughes - 352-732-8181
HUMAN TRAFFICKING- WHAT TO LOOK FOR?
Who Are the Victims?
- A victim may look like many of the people you help every day (Look beneath the surface for clues).
- Runaways and children in foster care are more vulnerable to being victimized. (they need information…call for training 369-7139).
- Evidence of being controlled-- evidence of an inability to move about or leave the job.
- Bruises or other signs of battering-- fear or depression, non-English speaking.
- Lack of passport, immigration or identification.
- Traveling sales crews- typically recruit young men and young women, primarily U.S. citizens, some under the age of 18.These victims often experience physical, sexual, and emotional abuse as a means of control.
INDICATORS IN PLACES YOU MAY NOT EXPECT
Business within your community
- Could serve as fronts for trafficking..
- Do the workers have freedom of movement?
- Do they live and work in the same place?
- Do the workers owe a debt to their employers?
- Do the employers have control over their workers’ immigration documents?
- Is it used to keep people out or to keep people in?
Appearance and mannerism of the workers
- Are there signs of trauma, fatigue, injuries, or other evidence of poor care?
- Are the individuals’ withdrawn, afraid to talk, or is their communication censored?
- Lack of knowledge of about what city they are in.
- Claims to be just visiting and is unable to clarify where they are staying / address.
- Loss of sense of time.
- Numerous inconsistencies in their story.
- Has few or no personal possessions.
- Is not in control of their money, no financial records or bank account.
- Is not in control of personal identification / documentation.
- Is not allowed and/or able to speak for themselves (a third party does all the talking and may insist on being present and/or translating).
- Lacks health care.
- Appears malnourished.
- Shows signs of physical and/or sexual abuse, physical restraint, confinement, or torture.
- Is fearful, anxious, depression, submissive, tense, nervous and/or paranoid.
- Avoids eye contact.
- Is not free to leave or come and go as they wish.
- The child is under the age of 18 and is providing commercial sex acts.
- High security measures exist around work and/or living locations.
Why don’t victims
CAPTIVITY, CONFINEMENT AND ISOLATION
- Victims have been locked in rooms and trunks of cars and isolated from friends and family.
THE USE AND THREAT OF VIOLENCE
- Victims have been beaten, raped, tortured, assaulted and threatened with weapons.
FEAR, SHAME, SELF-BLAME AND HOPELESSNESS
- Victims have been so traumatized, they blame themselves for their abuse and/or see no way out of the situation.
- Victims have become physically, financially or emotionally dependent on the trafficker; they have bonded with the abuser through traumatic bonding (a.k.a. Stockholm Syndrome).
HUMAN TRAFFICKING ON THE RISE
- After drug dealing, Human Trafficking is tied for second with the illegal arms trade for the most profitable illicit trade in the world.
- Estimated $36 Billion Annually.
- Florida is ranked in the top three of the United States destination states, with New York and California, for trafficking victims.
National Hotline 888-373-7888
City 369-7070 or County 732-9111
Survivor Rebecca Bender- https://rebeccabender.org/